The diffusion of a distinct national policy reform
Gender Quotas for Corporate Boards

Mari Teigen outlines the implementation of a gender quota policy in Norway, where the culture of gender equality in the significant proportion of state-owned companies has helped create the conditions for the mandatory imposition of quota schemes on large privately owned companies.
Under the Norwegian quota law, these companies are faced with the threat of dissolution if they are found to be in persistent defiance of the quota, a more radical approach than that under consideration in most other countries. Professor Teigen identifies four key factors that could contribute to the spread of similar policies to other European countries, including conditionality requirements imposed by powerful international actors and through international competition between countries.