There is a consensus in Europe that collective action mechanisms need to include correct safeguards in order to prevent abuse. This policy brief gives an overview of the main types of safeguards that are found in collective judicial procedures. It draws on extensive research into class action and collective redress laws across the world.
This policy brief addresses the difficulty consumers face when trying to resolve minor disputes with business, for which the courts prove too slow and costly. It comes in response to the EC proposed legislation in November 2011 for an EU-wide alternative dispute resolution mechanism.
This policy brief addresses alternative dispute resolution mechanisms in Europe to propose an integrated, holistic approach to encompass the range of mechanisms for resolving disputes, including ombudsmen, compensation schemes, business codes of conduct, complaint boards, and other pathways.
This policy brief, written by Dr Christopher Hodges and Professor Stefan Vogenauer of Oxford University, is published as costs and funding are assuming far greater importance as keys to evaluating and providing access to justice.