The principle of independence of the judiciary, while fundamental to a society based on the rule of law, is sometimes used to preclude the evaluation of courts. Such an approach is mistaken: judges and courts should be both independent and subject to evaluation.
This policy brief provides an overview of technological risk regulation and assesses the role of courts in reviewing the same. In doing so, it shows that the question of the capacity of courts is problematized by at least two different aspects: constitutional and institutional, both of which are malleable and context-specific.
The 1960s was a decade of racial progress in the US, but also of anger that not more was achieved. One response to the civil unrest in America’s cities was an executive order issued by President Johnson requiring firms contracting with the federal government to implement affirmative action to increase the employment of African Americans.
The 11 September 2001 al-Qaeda terrorist attack on the United States produced not only human and material loss; it also resulted in an apparent loss of the nation's traditional adherence to the rule of law.
This policy brief charts the slow boadening of access to environmental justice in England and Wales over the past few decades, and examines current and future prospects with reference to the Aarhus Convention and the implications of potential reforms to the 'loser pays' fees system for legal action taken by environmental NGOs and civil society o