Constitutional Conflict and the Role of the National People’s Congress
Constitutional disputes are unique among social disputes, given that the constitutionality or legality of laws (acts) and government actions is contested, and to solve them requires particular institutions and procedures.
China revised its legal system, including criminal, civil, and administrative litigation procedures, after the Cultural Revolution in the late 1970s and promised to establish a socialist rule of law through the 1999 constitutional amendments. However, China was slow to develop a sound constitutional review mechanism, which meant that constitutional law did not form part of the common conception of rule of law.
ALSO OF INTEREST
Recent Policy Changes in China’s Real Estate Sector
The reform of the urban housing system, begun in the late 1980s, has resulted in a general improvement in accommodation for most of the urban population in China. In less than twenty years, the government managed to provide new and reasonable quality owner-occupied housing to as much as 80 per cent of the urban population. This achievement was made possible by the transition to a market economy and the rapid economic growth that followed.