Chinese Criminal Entrepreneurs in Canada
17:30 to 18:30
End date
04 November 2019
Seminar Rm 3, Wolfson College, Linton Rd, Oxford OX2 6UD
Monday, 4 November 2019 - 5:30pm to 6:30pm


Chinese Criminal Entrepreneurs in Canada

Book Colloquium

An elusive breed of criminal entrepreneurs that originated from China known as the Big Circle Boys (BCB) remain an intrigue to organised crime specialists. Apart from anecdotal reporting about their alleged dominance in the Canadian underworld and elsewhere, little is known about who they are or how they operate. Confusingly, they have been coined with organizational descriptors ranging from ‘cartel’, ‘black society’, ‘organised criminal group’, and ‘mafia group’ to ‘gang’, ‘criminal enterprise’, ‘criminal groupings’ and ‘non-entity.’

In this book colloquium, a panel of speakers will discuss Alex Chung’s recent book: Chinese Criminal Entrepreneurs in CanadaVolume I and Volume II and explore the BCB’s criminal undertakings.



Alex Chung, Research Fellow in University College London's Department of Science, Technology, Engineering and Public Policy

Denis Galligan, Emeritus Professor of Socio-Legal Studies and Director of Programmes, Foundation for Law, Justice and Society, Oxford

Tian Ma, Lecturer in Criminology, De Montfort University Leicester

Daniel Silverstone, Director, Liverpool Centre for Advanced Policing Studies

Joe Whittle, PhD Candidate, Liverpool John Moores University


Dr Alex Chung is Research Fellow in University College London’s Department of Science, Technology, Engineering and Public Policy (UCL STEaPP). His research interests include cybersecurity policy, organised crime and the Belt and Road Initiative. He is the author of Chinese Criminal Entrepreneurs in Canada, Volume I & Volume II, which are based on his PhD undertaken at Oxford University.
Dr Tian Ma is Lecturer in Criminology at De Montfort University, Leicester. Her research explores how internal migrants are criminalized in China, with a focus on the relationship between migration and crime, punishment and governance.
Dr Daniel Silverstone is the Director of the Liverpool Centre for Advanced Policing Studies. He has a longstanding academic interest in serious and organized crime and is currently working for the N8 on the issue of trafficking and organized immigration crime from Vietnam. He recently co-authored a report for the Home Office on the subject of organized immigration crime from Nigeria, Albania and Vietnam. He has a broader interest in policing and is also currently working on behalf of the NPCC evaluating the effectiveness of fast track detective entry schemes. He also works as an expert witness in regards to trafficking cases.


Joe Whittle lived in China for 2.5 years and has been studying China related subject matter for the past ten years. He is a graduate of the universities of Bristol and Oxford and is currently based at Liverpool John Moores University where he is completing his part-time PhD on Chinese organised crime and human smuggling networks. Joe has previously worked as a part-time lecturer at London Metropolitan University and for two UK police forces. He has published on aspects of UK policing and Chinese organised crime.