This policy brief charts the slow boadening of access to environmental justice in England and Wales over the past few decades, and examines current and future prospects with reference to the Aarhus Convention and the implications of potential reforms to the 'loser pays' fees system for legal action taken by environmental NGOs and civil society organizations.
Are civil juries today incapable of understanding the complex issues presented to them? Are the results obtained through civil jury trials unfair, ill-informed or tainted? Should the United States move instead toward specialized juries, or trial before specialized judges, in place of the present system?
The 11 September 2001 al-Qaeda terrorist attack on the United States produced not only human and material loss; it also resulted in an apparent loss of the nation's traditional adherence to the rule of law. Sensing the physical and emotional fear of the American public, as well as the political timidity of Congress, the Administration seized upon the aftermath of 9/11 to foster its concept of the ‘Unitary Executive’: a sweeping expansion of presidential authority.